Types of permits/prohibitions (partial list) | Machsomwatch

Types of permits/prohibitions (partial list)

Who is entitled to cross checkpoints without a permit?

Children up to the age of 16, accompanied by a first-degree adult family relation. They must present an original birth certificate, not wrapped in plastic; women over 50 years of age, and men over 55 – after presenting their ID, and unless they are blacklisted.

Work permits are issued according to quotas

The demand for manpower and needs of the Israeli economy. Only married people over 22 years of age and not blacklisted may be issued a permit, for most types of work. Only an Israeli employer can apply for a permit for a Palestinian worker from the Ministry of the Interior. For decades, Palestinian workers in Israel have been absolutely shackled to their sole employer/contractor who could pay them at his will, etc. At the same time, an entire industry of “black market” permits has flourished among contractors, and its price has usually been paid by the Palestinian workers. Following the Israeli Supreme Court ruling in November 2020, a reform has been instated in the way work permits are issued to Palestinian construction workers, and from now on a Palestinian worker may move from one employer to another within 60 days.  Supervision of pay for the workers - and another bureaucratic red tape that enables workers to suffer damages - has yet to be instated.

Work permits in settlements

Are issued  to even younger Palestinians, even if Shabak – or police-blacklisted and thus not entitled to enter Israel itself.

Sample: work permit in the settlements but not in Israel
Trade permits

Are issued  to Palestinians over the age of 25, who are married and able to prove they are traders and identify traders they are in business inside Israel. They must prove they pay the Palestinian Authority all required taxes.

Permits for medical needs

Are issued to patients who are summoned for medical treatment inside Israel and can prove that their treatment is life-saving and does not exist in the occupied territories. The application must be filed at least 10 workdays prior to the appointed date, and be accompanied by completely detailed medical documents that are exposed to any eyes and violate personal privacy. Any permit requires security diagnosis. The decision as to the necessity of the treatment is in the hands of the health coordinator in the occupied territories and the Shabak, and constitutes an essential violation of basic human rights.

Permits to accompany patients

Are issued only to first-degree family relations and involve presenting the patient’s detailed medical documents and a security diagnosis. When children under the age of 18 are accompanied and one parent is blacklisted, the permit is issued only the parent who is not blacklisted. The permit is valid for 5 days and usually for nighttime as well.

Specific permits for entry into Jerusalem

Are issued only to holders of Palestinian IDs such as church employees, Muslim and Christian teachers, Waqf employees to access Temple Mount, and religion officials into Israel.

Permits to access Temple Mount for Friday Prayers

 Are issued children up to the age of 16, women of all ages, and men over the age of 50 unless they are blacklisted, and unless the security situation prevents Muslim prayers at Temple Mount. During the Ramadan month some several-days’ permits are also issued for the purpose of family visits.

Permits for academic studies

Are issued only to 50 students, and strictly for graduate students and holders of study scholarships, pending security diagnosis.

Permits for legal needs

.Are issued for attending  court sesssions inside Israel, and for medical examination needed for legal issues. The permit is for one-time and valid only during the required hours. If for any reason the person holding the permit has not managed to arrive on time, he might miss the court session.

Permits for prisoner visits

Are issued only to first-degree family relations. Visit frequency is determined by the Prison Service and the Shabak, and coordination is carried out by the Red Cross.

Agricultural transit permits

Are are issued to Palestinian farmers whose lands lie beyond the Separation Barrier (in the Seam Zone ), or in other controlled areas in the West Bank. They allow for grazing, harvesting olives, and farm work and for crossing only via specified checkpoints on stated dates and hours.

Permits to stay inside the seamline zone

 Are divided into two main categories: a permanent residency inside the Seam Zone, for up to 4 years; or a temporary stay, for several hours or days. There are 15 types of such permits, each granting different rights. Obtaining or appealing the denial of a permit involves a grueling process.

Permits to enter the Seam Zone

Are issued to workers of international organizations, employees of the Palestinian Authority, crews tending to infrastructure, medical teams, students, merchants, and others.
For further information, seeThe permit regime of the Seam Zone